Under normal circumstances, government bodies, all types of businesses, and different organizations are open during the normal and official business days. If you look at the Western World that comprises of North America, Europe, and Australia, you will notice that any standard business day is normally an official day of work that consists of 5 days out of the 7 days in a given week. This is normally from Monday through Friday and excludes the weekends and any recognized holiday.
There are several German speaking countries such as Germany, Austria, as well as Switzerland, where there term “business day” may also include the weekends Saturday and Sunday. However, this depends on the type of profession. As an example, if a specific business promises to get back to you in response to your query, by the next business day, this will automatically mean that they will get back to you the next day, unless it falls on a weekend or any recognized holiday.
How Long Exactly Is A Business Day?
It is needless to say that business days are made of the business hours. Thus, the length of a business day will naturally vary, depending upon the local definition of a working week, as well as, the total working hours it basically constitutes. From Monday through Friday, excluding the normal holidays that are typical in the Western World, the working hours may vary anything from 4 hours to a maximum of 16 hours. This, obviously depends on several factors. The most common length of any business day is 8 hours that excludes 1 hour for lunch. In other words, the working hours are from 9am to 6pm, which makes it 9 hours at a stretch. However, 1 hour, from 12pm to 1pm, is considered as lunch time and it happens to be an unpaid time.
There are several professions where the working hours are 24 hours a day for all the 7 days a week. These include hospitals, government services such as fire and police departments, hotels, and airports. For them, every day is a business day and the term business day is generally applicable for these professions. This is because these are separated from the typical white-collar companies that include accounting firms, banks, and similar other offices.
The 8 Hour Work Day and the 40-Hour Work Week
In this modern era, the most commonly used duration of any business day is 8 hours across the world. During the turn of the 20th century, the US government decided to track the average working hours for all those working at factories and various manufacturing facilities. It was found out that the typical number of hours calculated was 100 hours. Several changes were instituted over the next few decades and finally, on the 24th of October, 1940, the 40-hour work week and an 8-hour work day was officially declared as the standard practice in several industries. However, it was not until the middle of the 20th century that this standard working hour was recognized by most of the industries.
Changes to the Business Day
Thanks to various concepts such as flextime and the introduction of the internet, there have been several changes to the standard business day. It has become a normal sight to find employees working either before 9 am or after 5 pm. However, they still manage to put in a 40-hour week and sometimes more. There have been several surveys that conclude that several professionals and executives work for more than 40 hours a week. However, these include answering emails or even work from their homes as part of their job.
Calendar Days Vs Business Days
It is good for you to know that business days are often opposed to the normal calendar days. However, it is still crucial for you to make a clear distinction between the two so that you can properly plan your business and life. In other words, the calendar day refers to every day of a month including the holidays and the weekends. Thus, every day of a month is considered as a calendar day. As opposed to business days, there is not a single gap between the sequences of calendar days. Thus, all the 365 days of a year is considered as calendar days without any exception.
Business Days FAQs
There are several people who get confused with the mere concept of business days. In order to clear their doubts, here are some FAQs that should help to clear all the questions from your mind.
Number of Business or Workdays in a Year
The answer to this question may vary due to various factors such as business sectors and countries. In the most common situation, which comprises of a 5-day work week, there are approximately 250 business days in a calendar year. This average number of work days is valid for most of the countries across the globe.
Number of Days in a Business Day
When you talk about a business day, it basically refers to just a single day. However, on a Saturday, a single business day may simply mean e calendar days. On the other hand, on Sundays, it may be 2 calendar days. This normally happens because a business day normally refers to the next Monday, provided it is said on a Saturday or a Sunday. At the same time, this may also vary depending upon a specific country, as well as, overlapping public holidays.
What Do You Mean By A Business Day?
When you talk about a business day, it basically refers to any calendar day that falls under the definition of a “business day”. To be more precise, a single business day is basically the period of the calendar day during which any official business is conducted. In other words, a business day normally consists of an 8-hour working day of any given calendar day. Although after the 8 hours get completed, the business day is practically over, the calendar day continues. Thus, a calendar day is longer than a business day.